What Is A Prepositional Phrase 2020
A keyword is a set of words which consists of a preposition, its object (that is going to be a noun or a pronoun), and some phrases which change the object. As an instance:
Easy Cases of Prepositional Phrases
In these cases, the prepositional phrase is shaded and the preposition is in bold.
A singer with fire
A city near London
It’s a bit more complex than shown above since the noun could be something which plays the function of a noun. As an instance:
It is a gift from her.
(Recall that the”noun” could be a pronoun.)
She stole it in the guy throughout the street.
It is clear from what he stated.
(Here, the noun is a noun .)
The noun which follows the preposition (i.e., everything that is shaded although not bolded in the examples) is known as the object of a preposition. There’ll often be modifiers from the object of the preposition. As an instance:
I stumbled with Simba.
(There are not any modifiers in this case )
I stumbled together with all the Amazing Simba.
(Together with the modifiers” the” and”lovely,” that the object of the preposition is presently a noun term )
This is another example:
He overcomes Lee without striving.
(There are not any modifiers within this case. The goal of the preposition is a noun. In cases like this, it is a gerund.)
He overcomes Lee without too trying.
(Together with the modifier”too,” that the object of the preposition is a noun phrase.)
The Role of Prepositional Phrases
Prepositional phrases serve as adjectives modifying nouns or adverbs modifying verbs. As an instance:
Do you believe that boy at the corner?
I understand the policeman using the radio.
(In both of these cases, the prepositional phrases are working as adjectives. They’re changing nouns (“that boy” and”the policeman”). Since they are multi-word adjectives, these prepositional phrases are a kind of adjective term )
I live close to the scene.
She talks with remarkable enthusiasm.
(In both of these cases, the prepositional phrases are working as adverbs. They’re changing verbs (“reside” and”speaks”). Since they are multi-word adverbs, these prepositional phrases are a kind of adverbial phrase).
Listed below are a few more prepositional phrases functioning as adjectives:
Please purchase the scarf together with dots.
(The prepositional phrase refers to the noun”scarf.” We might have composed”dotted scarf,” which proves that”with dots” is working as an adjective.)
The guy on the radio comes with a dull voice.
(The prepositional phrase refers to the noun”man.”)
Give me among those brown ones.
Listed below are a few more prepositional phrases functioning as adverbs:
Lee raised his little mackerel with extreme pride.
(The prepositional phrase modifies the verb”increased” It’s an adverb of manner; i.e., it tells us he increased it. We might have composed”proudly increased,” which proves that”with extreme pride” is working as an adverb.)
Ahead of the war, Chris played soccer for Barnstoneworth United. It’s an adverb of time; i.e., it informs us if he played)
Morning is drained from the increase. It’s an adverb of motive; i.e., it tells us she is tired.)
Lee resides in that refrigerator.
(The prepositional phrase modifies the verb”lives” It’s an adverb of location; i.e., it tells us where he resides.)
Real-Life Cases of Prepositional Phrases
In such real-life cases, the prepositional phrases are working as adjectives:
The best defence against the atom bomb isn’t to be there as it moves away.
In 1938, Time Magazine picked Adolf Hitler for a man of the year.
Red skies at night, shepherds’ pleasure. Day blue skies at night.
These prepositional phrases are working as adverbs:
I used to work at a fire-hydrant mill. You could not park close to the area.
This isn’t a book to be tossed aside lightly. It needs to be thrown with good force.
From the case below, the first prepositional phrase functions as an adjective while the next acts as an adverb:
A mathematical formula for pleasure: fact divided by expectations. There are just two methods to become pleased: improve your truth or reduce your expectations.
It could become quite complex. As an instance:
(Here,”at a glass of fresh champagne” is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb that comprises a prepositional phrase (“of new champagne”) working as an adjective. Likewise,” by the base of the glass towards the very best” is working as an adverb and includes a prepositional phrase (“of this glass”) working as an afterthought )
There are 3 great reasons to take care of prepositional phrases.
(Rationale 1) Do not take care of a prepositional phrase as the subject of your own paper.
Be cautious when a prepositional phrase precedes a verb.
A box of knives had been found in the scene.
(Here, the topic isn’t”knives” It’s”the box.” The verb ought to be singular rather than plural. This should read”A box of knives has been discovered in the scene.”)
A mixture of factors was the reason for the crash.
(“Combination” is magnificent. The topic isn’t”variables:”)
Bernard Shaw has not an enemy in the world, and not one of his friends.
(Marking this incorrect is somewhat harsh, but attempt to deal with”none” as striking (if for no other reason than most of your grammar-savvy readers may need it to become singular). So, “not one of his friends likes him” is somewhat sharper.) Do not take care of the noun on your prepositional phrase (here, “knives,” variables,” and”buddies”) as the topic of your own paper.
(Reason 2) The noun in a prepositional phrase affects the quadrant with an expression such as”most of,” a number of,” half,” the majority of both” and”99% ”
Be mindful that the noun on your keyword can affect the wilderness if the subject is an indefinite pronoun (i.e., a phrase such as”all,” any,” more,” most,” and”a few”), which may be singular or plural depending on circumstance.
The majority of the cake was eaten. Therefore, “many” is treated as singular.)
The majority of the cakes are eaten. Therefore, “many” is treated as plural.)
A number of the worst mistakes of my life have been haircuts.
(The major noun in the prepositional phrase (“errors”) is plural. Therefore,” a few” is treated as plural. Be aware that”of my entire life” is only a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective modifying”mistakes” The prepositional phrase” of the worst errors” is that the one changing”a few,” that is the topic of our verb (“have”). Yeah, it could get complex.)
When modified by a keyword, an indefinite pronoun (e.g., “most,” a few,” all”) copies the amount of the noun in the prepositional phrase.
Got this? Here’s your two-for-one bonus. This ruling also applies to ordinary conditions like”half,” most” and”a proportion of,” which may also be singular or plural. Such expressions are undetectable although they refer to something singular but plural if they refer to something plural. As an instance:
Democracy is the recurrent suspicion that more than half of those people are right more than half of the time.
(“Half” is plural since”individuals” is plural.)
(“Half” is magnificent because”planet” is singular.)
My guess is that well over eighty per cent of the human race moves with one original idea.
(“Eighty per cent” is magnificent since”human race” is singular.)
(Reason 3) Prevent ambiguity when putting your keyword.
One morning I shot an elephant in my pyjamas. How he got in my pyjamas I’ll never understand.
This well-cited joke by Groucho Marx plays the fact that prepositional phrases could be ambiguous. Groucho knew we would presume”in my pyjamas” was an adverb modifying”shot” His punchline, however, informs us that it was an adjective modifying”elephant.”
Ambiguity with prepositional phrases can be a real problem. Look at this case:
Joe fed the shark at the cage.
(Can the prepositional phrase inform us at which Joe was once he fed the shark, or does this inform us that shark Joe fed? To put it differently, is”from the cage” working as an adverb modifying”fed” or an adjective modifying”shark? Should you read it like an adverb (i.e., telling us in which Joe had been ), you could assume there was only 1 shark. Should you read it like an adjective (i.e.,” the shark which has been from the crate”), you’d suppose there were other sharks)
You can generally remove ambiguity by rewording your own sentence. (Oh, and do not be shocked if your rewording hacks your initial sentence to shreds.)
Joe was at the cage when he fed the shark.
Joe fed the shark which has been from the cage.
Frequently, circumstance means there’s not any real ambiguity.
(That can be obviously telling you how to not destroy an apology rather than telling which kind of apology to not destroy (i.e., the prepositional phrase is working as an adverb, not an afterthought )
Joe struck on the burglar with a hammer.
(Thus, who had the hammer? Many times, a standalone sentence will probably be ambiguous (like this case is), but when the surrounding context gets rid of the ambiguity, you’ll get off without rewording your sentence)
The ambiguous examples have entailed doubt over whether the prepositional phrase is working as an adverb or an adjective. Be mindful that ambiguity (frequently humorous ambiguity) also happens when it is uncertain what a prepositional phrase is changing.
We won’t sell paraffin to anybody in glass bottles. There are individuals who reside in glass bottles)
If you use a keyword, do a fast check to find out if it might possibly be shifting something different on your own sentence. Try to remember that although it is clear for you what it is supposed to changing, it may not be apparent for the readers.
In case your keyword is ambiguous, then move it alongside (normally instantly to the right of) whatever it is intended to be changing. That does the trick. Reword your own sentence if this makes your sentence unwieldy.
These illustrations have been repaired by shifting the keyword:
We won’t sell paraffin in bottles to anybody.
Let us try that using the instance”Joe hit on the burglar with a hammer”:
(That really is too unwieldy. We will need to reword it. “Joe used a hammer to strike on the burglar” is an alternative.)